Islam provides a universal system for the well-being of a person's physical, mental, emotional and spiritual component because each must work in unison for the individual to thrive and advance. Moreover, deficits or dysfunction in any of these components can create setbacks, which, if not appropriately resolved, have the potential to hamper progress. Yet, it is sometimes inevitable that human beings face challenges, particularly physical and mental issues that arise due to the wear and tear of daily life. As such, Islam promotes the practice of medicine and the advancement of treatment for all forms of ailments. It provides a specific set of rules that govern how these practices should be carried out and the responsibilities that fall upon its professionals. Thus, this booklet describes a comprehensive set of rules in the form of answers to queries posed to the jurist on topics ranging from permissible and prohibited forms of treatment, contemporary approaches to disease management, medical ethics, and patients rights.